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What do I need to know about my wool fabric?

When considering wool fabric, several factors come into play, including weight, S number, type of wool, origin, and country of origin. Here's a breakdown of each:

  1. Weight: Wool fabric weight refers to the density of the fabric and is typically measured in ounces per square yard (oz/yd²) or grams per square meter (g/m²). Common weights include lightweight (8-10 oz/yd²), medium weight (10-12 oz/yd²), and heavyweight (12+ oz/yd²), each suited for different purposes and climates. Lightweight wool fabrics are suitable for warmer climates and seasons, while heavyweight fabrics provide more warmth and insulation for colder weather.

  2. S Number: The S number (Super number) is a measure of the fineness of wool fibers used in fabric production. It indicates the average diameter of the fibers in micrometers (µm). A higher S number corresponds to finer, softer wool, while a lower S number indicates coarser wool. For example, Super 100s wool is finer than Super 80s wool.

  3. Type of Wool: There are various types of wool, each with its unique characteristics and properties. Common types include Merino wool (known for its softness and fine texture), Cashmere (ultra-soft and luxurious), Mohair (strong and lustrous), and Shetland wool (warm and durable). The type of wool used influences the fabric's texture, warmth, and performance.

  4. Origin: The origin of wool refers to the geographical location where the wool is sourced from. Wool can come from various regions worldwide, including Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Argentina, and the United Kingdom. Each region produces wool with distinct qualities influenced by factors such as climate, pasture, and breeding practices.

  5. Country of Origin: The country of origin of wool fabric indicates where the fabric is manufactured or processed into its final form. Countries known for producing high-quality wool fabric include Italy, England, Scotland, and New Zealand, among others. The country of origin may also affect the quality, craftsmanship, and reputation of the wool fabric.

By considering these factors, you can make informed decisions when selecting wool fabric for your garments, ensuring they meet your specific needs and preferences in terms of weight, fineness, type, origin, and country of origin.

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